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The mood at the second world mission conference, held in Jerusalem in 1928, was quite different. The first world war provoked by "Christian" countries had profoundly challenged the ideal of the Western civilization as an embodiment of the gospel. The communist revolution of 1918 had made the dream of evangelizing the whole world within one generation unrealistic. At the Jerusalem conference, two major questions on mission emerged to which no real consensus was found: the relation between the Christian message and other religions, and the theological interpretation of Christian social and political involvement.
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